Put your feet together and chances are the first place your feet meet will be at the large toe joint. The large toe joint is sometimes referred to as the ball joint or big toe joint.
The heel counter is the hard part around the back of the shoe almost all shoes need it to maintain the shape of the heel.
The topline is the very top of the shoe around the heel counter or the top circle around a ladies pump, sometimes they will be padded, other times it will be stitched. Men's shoes also have a topline.
The footbed is the insole that you actually see when you look inside the shoe it usually has a logo or tag on it.
The insole is the part of the shoe that it is built upon. Shoes are built from the insole when they are manufactured. The outsole is attached to the insole once the top of the shoe has been created.
The hard part of front of the shoes is called a toe cap.
The shank is the reinforcement between the insole and the outsole that allows shoes to keep their shape.
The heel lift is the rubber tip on the bottom of the heel that can and should be replaced regularly in both Men's and Women's shoes.
The vamp is the front part of the shoe just before the toe cap. When you look straight down at your shoe you will see the vamp.